Convergent boundaries or subduction zones are where two plates collide into each other. Fact Check: What Power Does the President Really Have Over State Governors? Last Updated: May 17, 2020. The scientific theory that explains the movement of the plates of the Earth's crust is the theory of plate tectonics. Even though their movements are very slow, we can track them with extremely precise GPS measurements. By using GPS, we know they move only about 5-10 cm every year. ; Now, let’s take a look at each type of tectonic plate boundary in a bit more detail. If you removed all the water from Earth, these ridges would be the most prominent feature on Earth. A convergent boundary is when two plates collide. A transform plate boundary occurs when two plates … Divergent occurs when two tectonic plates move away from the other. Earth’s Atmosphere Composition: Nitrogen, Oxygen, Argon and CO2, 10 Colossal Facts About the Gas Giant Planet Jupiter [Infographic], Pangea Ultima: Meet Earth’s Next Supercontinent, Continental Drift: A Tale of Moving Continents and Plate Tectonics. ; CONVERGENT PLATES: Convergent plates push boundaries together. It describes the movement, as well as the cause of earthquakes, volcanoes, trenches in the ocean and mountain ranges. This theory was developed in the 1960s. Festival of Sacrifice: The Past and Present of the Islamic Holiday of Eid al-Adha. A divergent boundary occurs when two tectonic plates move away from each other. Plates are always moving. Is the Coronavirus Crisis Increasing America's Drug Overdoses? What Are the Three Types of Plate Movement. Ocean Salinity: How Much Salt is in Oceans? Because matter cannot be destroyed, it forces one of the plates into the mantle underneath. Most divergent plates are beneath the oceans and we don’t realize it’s even happening. The three types of plate movement are divergent, convergent and transform plate boundaries. ), The Secret Science of Solving Crossword Puzzles, Racist Phrases to Remove From Your Mental Lexicon. This movement is the plates pulling away from each other. Plate boundaries interact with each other in 3 primary ways. A convergent boundary is when two plates collide. These boundaries describe how the plates are moving, which is what we will be talking about in this article. A glimpse at Earth’s tectonic plate boundaries, Divergent boundary plates move away from each other, Convergent boundary plates push into each other, Transform boundary plates slide across each other, Coral Reef Facts: Ocean Biodiversity Hotspots, The History of the Universe: The Big Bang and Beyond [Infographic], 5 Major Air Pollution Sources in the Atmosphere, Neptune Facts: The Big Blue Planet [Infographic], Milky Way Galaxy: 200 Billion Stars and Our Solar System. Like seams of a baseball, tectonic plate boundaries wrap around the Earth. Lava erupts out from underwater volcanoes at mid-oceanic ridges. Will 5G Impact Our Cell Phone Plans (or Our Health?! In 1912 the meteorologist Alfred Wegener described what he called continental drift, an idea that culminated fifty years later in the modern theory of plate tectonics. Along these boundaries, earthquakes are common and magma (molten rock) rises from the Earth’s mantle to the surface, solidifying to create new oceanic crust. Here’s a short description of the 3 types of plate tectonics: DIVERGENT PLATES: Divergent plates pull apart from each other. Earth’s tectonic plate boundaries are unusual because they can consist of continents and oceans.

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