Other minorities include Ukrainians, Germans, Turks, Lipovans, Aromanians, Tatars, and Serbs. [155][156] Peace treaties with Austria, Bulgaria and Hungary delineated the new borders in 1919 and 1920, but the Soviet Union did not acknowledge the loss of Bessarabia. [56][58][59] The Huns forced the remnants of the local population into submission, but their empire collapsed in 454. [39] Centuries later, Strabo associated the Getae with the Dacians who dominated the lands along the southern Carpathian Mountains in the 1st century BC. [83] Scholars who reject the Daco-Roman continuity theory say that the first Vlach groups left their Balkan homeland for the mountain pastures of the eastern and southern Carpathians in the 11th century, establishing the Romanians' presence in the lands to the north of the Lower Danube. [301], According to the Romania's National Institute of Statistics (INSSE), Romania's total road network was estimated in 2015 at 86,080 kilometres (53,488 mi). The Armed Forces consist of approximately 15,000 civilians and 75,000 military personnel—45,800 for land, 13,250 for air, 6,800 for naval forces, and 8,800 in other fields. It has been a member of the United Nations since 1955, part of NATO since 2004, and part of the European Union since 2007. [142] The Congress also granted the Danube Delta and Dobruja to Romania. There are also approximately 50,000 native speakers of Ukrainian (concentrated in some compact regions, near the border where they form local majorities),[362] 25,000 native speakers of German, and 32,000 native speakers of Turkish living in Romania. [316], Tourism is a significant contributor to the Romanian economy, generating around 5% of GDP. Romania terminated its mission in Iraq and withdrew its last troops on 24 July 2009, among the last countries to do so. [390] In 2010, Romania had 428 state and 25 private hospitals,[391] with 6.2 hospital beds per 1,000 people,[392] and over 200,000 medical staff, including over 52,000 doctors. The 1984 Summer Olympics was their most successful run, where they won 53 medals in total, 20 of them gold, ultimately placing 2nd to the hosts United States in the medal rankings. The women's team won the world championship in 1962 and have enjoyed more success than their male counterparts in recent years. [37][38] Among the native peoples, Herodotus listed the Getae of the Lower Danube region, the Agathyrsi of Transylvania and the Syginnae of the plains along the river Tisza at the beginning of the 5th century BC. Women’s Handball: CSM Bucharest Wins Champions League Trophy! [426][427] Traditional alcoholic beverages also include wine, rachiu, palincă and vișinată, but beer consumption has increased dramatically over recent years. [175] The Iron Guard staged a coup against Antonescu, but he crushed the riot with German support and introduced a military dictatorship in early 1941. It is further divided into six sectors[235]:6 and has a prefect, a general mayor (primar), and a general city council. Amintiri târzii cu 'Gerd Muller al României' – Fanatik.ro", "Kicker: "Nemuritorul" Dorinel Munteanu | Romania Libera", "Middlesbrough seek UEFA Cup cure – UEFA.com", "Cum putea Dinamo domina Europa, în viziunea lui Lucescu! [467], Popular individual sports include combat sports,[462] martial arts,[462] and swimming. [366] According to the 2012 Eurobarometer, English is spoken by 31% of Romanians, French is spoken by 17%, as well as Italian and German, each by 7%. [302] The World Bank estimates the railway network at 22,298 kilometres (13,855 mi) of track, the fourth-largest railroad network in Europe. [233], Following the experience of economic instability throughout the 1990s, and the implementation of a free travel agreement with the EU, a great number of Romanians emigrated to Western Europe and North America, with particularly large communities in Italy, Germany and Spain. [260], In December 2005, President Traian Băsescu and United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice signed an agreement that would allow a U.S. military presence at several Romanian facilities primarily in the eastern part of the country. [149] German and Austrian-Hungarian diplomacy supported Bulgaria during the war, bringing about a rapprochement between Romania and the Triple Entente of France, Russia and the United Kingdom. These would last until the 15th century. [201], In 1965, Nicolae Ceaușescu came to power and started to conduct the country's foreign policy more independently from the Soviet Union. [222] This has been accompanied by a significant improvement in living standards as the country successfully reduced domestic poverty and established a functional democratic state. In Transparency International's 2019 Corruption Perceptions Index, Romania's public sector corruption score deteriorated to 44 out of 100, reversing gains made in previous years. Notable Romanian classical composers of the 19th and 20th centuries include: Ciprian Porumbescu, Anton Pann, Eduard Caudella, Mihail Jora, Dinu Lipatti and especially George Enescu. How to win over, date and keep a Romanian woman. [304] There are sixteen international commercial airports in service today. [281] Metropolitan areas have been constituted for most of these cities. [350] In 1930, there were 745,421 Germans living in Romania,[351] but only about 36,000 remained in the country to this day. The most successful club is Steaua București, who were the first Eastern European team to win the Champions League in 1986, and were runners-up in 1989. "Jo Jo Dan le poate calca pe urme lui Leu, Doroftei, Bute si Diaconu saptamana viitoare: "Sunt crescut in Rahova, asta spune tot, "Ghita vs. Verhoeven: Kickboxing's top heavyweights go to war on Twitter", "Adegbuyi: 'I'll show Wilnis why I'm ranked #1 at Heavyweight, Romanian Medals and Results in the Olympic Games, "40 years after perfect 10, gymnast Nadia Comaneci remains an Olympic icon", "Analysis. [66] After the Avar Khaganate collapsed in the 790s, Bulgaria became the dominant power of the region, occupying lands as far as the river Tisa. Romania may not be as well-known as other European countries, but that doesn’t mean it’s an insignificant part of the world.

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